Romans 2:1-11 (A Covenant Context)

Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things. We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things. Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God? Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance? But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed.

He will render to each one according to his works: to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; but for those who are self-seeking[a] and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury. There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, 10 but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek. 11 For God shows no partiality.

The Covenant context here is that in all ages, judgment is applicable to all and not separate levels between the Jew or Gentile (Greek). To judge anyone about anything is to condemn ourselves, because we all sin. This displays a continuity throughout the ages. It supports the principle that those who are saved are saved by faith apart from works, because all our works are filthy rags. God has never shown a partiality as to His grace because it was always available. That salvation would come through the seed of the woman, Noah, Abraham, and later David, did not make grace the exclusive possession of the Jews, but since Gen. 3:15 it was made known to the world for whoever would believe.

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