Table (PDF) Based on the ocular Catechism of William Perkins, but humbly modified by me.
A simple quick reference for Trinitarian words:
ousia (essence/being/substance): Formalized by the council of Nicea (325), it declared the Son to be of the same essence (homoousious) or co-essential with God the Father.
hypostasis (entity, “substance”, or person): Although typically used as a synonym for ousia (the word literally means “to stand under” i.e. “sub-stance”. Theologians will speak of there being one ousia (essence) and three hypostases (entities or “persons”). Why the two terms? Because it was deemed contradictory to say God is one essence and three essences or one substance with three substances. So one synonym was made to serve the other.
prosopon (person, “mask/face”): Literally meaning “face” and implies the persona or image we present to others (commonly used in acting). Although the term is virtually synonymous with hypostasis it did not convey as strong a sense as hypostasis of an actually existing entity/person, as we use the term today and was feared to be a foothold for Modalism. Today speaking of the three “persons” of the Trinity is more accepted and common.
- The classic Trinity formulation of doctrine is that: God is one essence (ousia), existing as three persons (hypostases or prosopon): Father, Son and Spirit.
physis (nature): In reference to the Trinity it is sometimes a synonym for ousia, but in Christology it is a way of speaking of the humanity and divinity of Christ.
hypostatic union: A term used to describe the relationship of the divine and human natures in Christ. In the unity of Christ’s substance/person there is no mixing, confusion or hybrid of the divine and human natures.
- The classic Christology formulation of doctrine is that: Christ is one person (hypostasis or prosopon), who possesses two natures (physes): divine and human.
communicatio idiomatum (the communication or exchange of properties): A Christological precept that, because of Christ’s unity of person, allows for the attributes of the divine and human natures to be described as belonging to the other. We speak of God’s blood or God being born of Mary, dying on the cross….
The post-postmodern church will be a customized app so your “worship” time is customized and privatized by/to you. You set up a portfolio icon/image and discuss things with other members via chat and prayer rooms separated by age groups. Select a pastor from the menu according to the style and intensity you like. The sermons are then tweeted live at a certain time each week so that members can interact with them via likes or evangelically share them. If you don’t catch it live, you can always read it according to your own schedule. Periods of worship music are set aside before and after the sermon, but the app will allow you to bypass the preselected songs/hymns to access your our playlist so you can listen to what worship music suits you. Communion will be a clickable action for your icon to participate in as it’s symbolic anyway. The offering is more of an in-app purchase, where you can select a cause for it to go to, with just a % going to the church.
1 Corinthians 6:20 …”for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.”
“If we are not our own but the Lord’s, it’s clear what errors we must flee, and what we must direct our whole lives toward. We are not our own; therefore, neither our reason nor our will should dominate our plans and actions. We are not our own; therefore, let us not make the gratification of our flesh our end. We are not our own; therefore, let us forget ourselves and our own interests. Rather, we are God’s. Therefore, let us live and die to Him. We are God’s. Therefore, let His wisdom and His will govern all our actions. We are God’s. Therefore, let us – in every way in all our lives – run to Him as our only proper end. How far has he progressed who’s been taught that he is not his own – who’s taken rule and dominion away from his own reason and entrusted them to God. For the plague of submitting to our own rule leads us straight to ruin, but the surest way to safety is neither to know nor to want anything on our own, but simply to follow the leading of the Lord.” – John Calvin, A Little Book On The Christian Life, pages 22-23.
Current notions of coexistence are being proposed and propagated by liberal thinkers that strive to limit morals so that no one is offended. But a moral principle of coexistence cannot be the forced reduction of all moral codes to where no one is offended, for then there is no civil ethic and only anarchy and chaos. At best it can forbid individuals from exercising discipline of their moral principles upon an individual or group outside of its own adherents. This does not forbid a group from having moral principles that differ from others, and although one group may judge those outside of its body to be more or less wrong, misguided or heretical, no group can claim superiority by mandating others drop their positions because of the offense felt in being outside the bounds of what another group accepts. This should give all groups room to promote, advertise and recruit as best they can to convince others. Seekers and others can create groups to support their positions, but cannot demand the approval or acceptance of other groups.
I love my wife so much! It’s not because of all the stuff she does, our commonalities, her sense of humor or her being smarter than I. I can just lover her, all those qualities about her and more because I can see in us the picture of God’s love for me (and us). Without God’s love first I’m sure we’d place those expectations upon each other and that’s a weight neither of us could bear.
By way of advice, I know so many who want to just be “married”, as if that’s the cure for loneliness. It’s really not if you don’t have the right expectations and can really commit to someone without needing to get something from them. Something you should already be getting from God.
I sarcastically imagine God hears prayers from young Christians all the time asking for spouses, love, success and the like, all the while He’s thinking “Sorry all you got in this gospel deal was Me.” Yet some have the guts to even get angry with God that He has not condescended to their will. I guess if your that angry with Him you can always nail Him to a tree, oh wait we did that already.
If you say you trust God, then really trust that you have “God”. You shouldn’t need anyone else. If you ask for and He should grant you a spouse, don’t expect from him or her anything more than that their love and happiness are from God too. Then it’s an easy partnership and loving marriage where two people find themselves absorbed in serving and giving themselves in love to each other. A giving that I see in Whitney as God’s unfolding daily love. I love you Whitney.